Diabetes mellitus, often known as diabetes, is a disease in which the blood sugar level is excessively high. Insulin transports sugar from the blood into your cells so that it may be stored or used for energy. Your body either doesn’t make sufficient insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does produce when you have diabetes.

Diabetes-related high blood sugar can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs if not treated.

Types of Diabetes

There are various types of diabetes:

First type of diabetes is an autoimmune illness. The immune system attacks and annihilates cells in the pancreas, where insulin is manufactured, causing this form of diabetes. It’s unclear what causes this assault. This form of diabetes affects around 10% of individuals with diabetes.

Second type of diabetes occurs when the body’s cells no longer respond to insulin, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels.

When your blood sugar is higher than average but not high enough to be labeled type 2 diabetes, you have prediabetes.

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are excessively high during pregnancy. The placental production of insulin-blocking hormones is to blame.

Diabetes insipidus is not connected to diabetes mellitus, even though it has a similar name. It’s a different illness in which your kidneys overproduce fluid.

Each form of diabetes has its symptoms, causes, and treatments. Please find out how these sorts differ in terms of their severity.

Symptoms

Blood sugar levels are the reason for diabetes symptoms.

General Symptoms

The most frequent diabetes symptoms include:

  • Increased hunger
  • Sores that don’t heal
  • Weight loss
  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurry vision

Symptoms of Diabetes in Men

Men with diabetes may have erectile dysfunction (ED), a decreased sex drive, and reduced muscular strength and the common symptoms of diabetes.

Diabetes Symptoms in Women

Urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and dry, itchy skin are all possible symptoms among women with diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

The following are some of the signs of type 1 diabetes:

  • Extreme hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Increased thirst
  • Tiredness
  • Blurry vision
  • It may also cause mood swings.

Type 2 Diabetes

Symptoms of diabetes type 2 might include the following:

  • Increased hunger
  • Blurry vision
  • Increased urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Sores that are slow to heal
  • Tiredness

It can also trigger recurrent infections. High glucose levels consequently make it more difficult for the body to heal.

Gestational Diabetes

Most women who have gestational diabetes do not experience any symptoms. Gestational diabetes is typically discovered during a routine blood sugar check or an oral glucose tolerance test performed between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy.

Increased thirst or urination are occasionally observed in women with gestational diabetes.

Common Causes of Diabetes

The two most common types of diabetes are characterized by various symptoms, causes, and treatment options.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes has no known cause. The immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells mistakenly in the pancreas, according to some researchers.

Some people may be more prone to the condition because of genetics. A viral infection might also be to blame.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a disease that develops from both genetic and lifestyle elements. Being overweight or obese raises your chances as well. Carrying extra weight, particularly in your belly, makes your cells resistant to the effects of insulin on blood sugar levels.

This illness is hereditary. Family members are more prone to type 2 diabetes and obesity if they have the same genes.

Gestational Diabetes

The hormone changes that occur during pregnancy cause gestational diabetes. The placenta releases hormones that make the cells of a pregnant woman less responsive to insulin. This can result in high blood sugar throughout pregnancy.

Women who are overweight when they conceive or gain too much weight during pregnancy are more likely to get gestational diabetes.

Diabetes is caused by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Learn more about the causes of diabetes in this article.

Diabetes Risk Factors

Diabetes is more likely in certain situations. The following are some of the most common factors:

Type 1 Diabetes

If you have type 1 diabetes, your odds of developing the condition are higher if you’re a kid or adolescent, if one of your parents or siblings has it, and/or if you have specific genes associated with it.

2nd Type of Diabetes

If you have prediabetes, your risk for type 2 diabetes increases if you:

  • Are overweight
  • Aren’t physically active
  • Have a direct relative or family who has the illness
  • Are age 45 or older
  • Have prediabetes
  • If you’ve had gestational diabetes before.
  • If you have high blood pressure, cholesterol, or triglycerides.

Gestational Diabetes

If you have any of the following risk factors, your chances of developing gestational diabetes are greater:

  • Are overweight
  • During a previous pregnancy, you developed gestational diabetes.
  • You’re older than 25.
  • You’re expecting a child that weighs more than 9 pounds
  • A close family member has type 2 diabetes.
  • If you suffer from, have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

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